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Personal pronouns in Mongolian

Personal Pronouns in Mongolian Language

EnglishMongolianPronunciation
IБиBee
YouЧи / Та*Chi/ Ta
HeТэр эрэгтэй (тэр)Ter eregtei
SheТэр эмэгтэй (тэр)Ter emegtei
ItЭнэEne
You (plural)Та нарTa nar
WeБид нарBid nar
TheyТэд нарTed nar

Note: A short version of the “Тэр эрэгтэй and Тэр эмэгтэй” is “Тэр”. When we talk about someone in the third person, we may already know they are male or female, so we mostly use “Ter”. Example: I know John. He is a Teacher (Би Жонийг мэднэ. Тэр багш / bi Joniig medne. Ter bagsh)

*IMPORTANT: Use Чи for the someone the same age or younger.  Ta is used for those older and/or people that you respect or have a higher ranking.  If you are unsure whether someone is older or younger than you, use Ta.

 

 

The Pronouns Conjugated with all 8 cases:

 

As mentioned in previous lessons, Mongolian is an agglutanive language, meaning you add/change suffixes to change the meaning and function of words and phrases.  In English ‘I’ is a subject pronoun and ‘Me’ is an object pronoun, just as ‘We’ is a subject pronoun and ‘Us’ is an object pronoun.  The same concept exists in Mongolian but in a different form.  More on that in another lesson.  For now, here is a very useful chart of all the main pronouns conjugated with the 8 Mongolian Language cases:   

 

 

 

Let’s make a few sentences using Personal Pronouns:

БиБи Энхээ/ Bee Enkhee/ I am Enkhee.
ЧиЧи Жон/ Chi John/ You are john.
Тэр эрэгтэй (тэр)Тэр эрэгтэй Ким/Ter eregtei Kim/He is Kim
Тэр эмэгтэй (тэр)Тэр эмэгтэй Лүси/Ter emegtei Lucy/She is Lucy.
ЭнэЭнэ сандал/ Ene sandal/ This is a chair.
Та нарТа нар cурагч/ Ta nar suragch/ You are students.
Бид нарБид нар багш/ Bid nar bagsh/We are teachers.
Тэд нарТэд нар Дорж, Жош/ Ted nar Dorj, Josh/ They are Dorj and Josh.

 

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