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Mongolian Alphabet

Mongolian Cyrillic Alphabet

Before the Mongolian Cyrillic Alphabet, Mongolian official script was Classic Mongolian scrip. After the Mongolian people’s revolution with the assistance of the Soviet Union, New Mongolia started to develop in all sectors. In1930-1931, Mongolians used to create literacy by using the Latin alphabet for their official language and teach to the people in the whole country. After a year, these initiations were not succeeded because of their nationality, pre-preparations, and fewer people who were literates. Therefore they resumed the old Mongolian script.

Between 1934-1940, Mongolian literacy was run successfully, and people who have learned old Mongolian script reached from 320000 to 720000. In 1941, Mongolian scientists were created a new script adopting from the Russian Cyrillic and added 2 letters (Ө, Ү) to the Russian Cyrillic.
From the academic year 1941-1942,  primary school students started to learn New Mongolian Cyrillic Alphabet. Consequently, in 1946, the Mongolian Cyrillic has been the official script in republic Mongolia.
The Mongolian alphabet has 35 letters. It consists of 20 consonants, 13 vowels, and 2 sign letters.


А а                             aah                            as in us

Б б                             beh                           as in ball

В в                             weh                          as in west, vest, wet, owe, vain

Г г                             geh                            as in get, gum, dog

Д д                            deh                            as in and, hard, dad

Е е                             yeh                             as in yet

Ё ё                             yoh                             as in yo yo

Ж ж                          jeh                               as in Jet

З з                             zeh                              as in zero

И и                            i                               as in it, if

Й й                            i (used with another vowels)                            as in ink

К к                            kah                             as in walk, work

Л л                            il                                 as in silk

М м                          im                               as in milk

Н н                           in                                as in mint

О о                           ooh                             as in ball, all, doll

Ө ө                           öh                                as in her, term, earn

П п                          peh                              as in gap

Р р                           err                               as in cheers, hear

С с                           iss                               as in sister, risk, miss, mist

Т т                          teh                              as in list, test, state, hut, step, hot

У у                          uuh                               as in  bull

Ү ү                        üüh                                 as in who

Ф ф                       feh                                  as in cafe

Х х                        heh                                 as in hey

Ц ц                       tseh                                as in  tsunami

Ч ч                       cheh                               as in  lunch, check, rich

Ш ш                     sh                                  as in  finish, push, wish

Щ щ                    sh (used in Russian words)                                    as in Shanghai

Ъ ъ                   no sound                                sign letter

Ы ы                     eeh                                   as in mean, weak, seal

Ь ь                   no sound                                 sign letter

Э э                      eh                                      as in egg, edit, set

Ю ю                  yuh                                    as in use, huge, cute

Я я                    yah                                     as in soya

Watch Mongolian Cyrillic alphabet pronunciation video 


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