Before we get into the lesson, a bit about Mongolian weather: Feel free to skip beyond to the relevant vocab, pronunciation, and some exercises.
If you haven’t heard much about Mongolia, or have never even been there, you have still probably heard that it is Cold! Very cold and also very dry! Temperatures regularly dip below 40 degrees. Fahrenheit or celsius you may
ask? They are in fact the same at 40 below. Ulaanbaatar is the coldest capital in the world, and it isn’t even the coldest part of the country. Some of the coldest aimags (provinces) include Uvc, Zawkhan, and Khuvsgul. On the other hand, the warmest aimag, South Gobi, hovers at around a balmy -20 F. At these temperatures toothpaste and even vodka freezes.
Being at an average height of 1500 meters, and with little to no cover, winds zip across the Mongolian Steppe. The Gobi especially is known for its wind and dust storms. Some joke that Mongolia’s oldest export to China is its dust.
Ending on a lighter note, summers in Mongolia are some of the finest that you could hope to enjoy. Just the right temperature to travel around the land of the blue sky. Indeed it is true: the sky is blue nearly all of the time with over 250 sunny days in a year.
The following phrases are the most basic relating to weather; the most important of which are, ‘Гадаа ямар байна?’, literally meaning, ‘How is it outside?’ and, ‘Цаг агаар ямар байна?’, meaning, ‘How is the weather?’ Broken down, Цаг агаар is time+air= weather, ямар meaning how, and байна being the present tense of the verb to be. We get: ‘Weather how is?‘
Can you complete the following dialogues?
(Hover to reveal)
A: What`s the weather outside?
B: It’s warm, but a bit windy.
A: Will it rain today?
B: Yes, it will rain. That’s why it’s windy now.
A: What’s the weather today?
B: It’s snowy today!
A: Is it? Snow is great. What is the temperature?
B: Minus thirty-five!